Earn by Start mushroom business by investing Rs 10000Hemlata Khandelwal / 2021-09-19 12:06:54
How to earn by start a mushroom business by investing Rs. 10,000?
If you want to start a new business to earn extra money, then mushroom farming business can be very beneficial for a new start. More recently, its cultivation has started in states like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan. And also it can also be started in cold states like H. P, Jammu, and Kashmir. Its demand is very high in the regions of Asia and Africa all over the world.
What is a Mushroom?
Mushroom is a kind of plant but still, it is seen like meat. Meaning you cannot call it a herbaceous plant. It contains high amounts of proteins and nutrients such as vitamin D. It is made from fungi and if we talk about its shape, it is almost in the shape of a honeycomb.
How many types of mushrooms are there?
According to international scientists, about 10000 varieties of it are present on our earth. But if we look from the point of view of business, then only about 5 varieties of mushroom exist, out of which only 5 varieties are considered good. Those names are Button Mushroom, Paddy Straw, Specialty Mushroom, Medicine Mushroom, Dhingra, or Oyster Mushroom respectively. Among these, button mushroom is the most liked variety. Sometimes it is also called milky mushroom.
Where to buy mushroom seeds?
You can also get mushroom seeds with the help of government agriculture centers.
What is the cost of mushroom seed?
The cost of its seeds is around Rs 75 per kg, which varies according to the brand and variety. That's why you have to decide first, which type of mushroom you want to grow.
Where can I sell mushrooms?
There is a demand for mushrooms in many places, hotels; pharmaceutical companies, etc. come in suitable places to sell them. Apart from this, mushrooms are mostly used in Chinese food. Due to its other beneficial properties, it is also being used in the medical field. Not only this but it is also exported and imported in many countries, that is, there are many areas to sell it.
What are the methods of doing mushroom business?
You can grow mushrooms only by artificial (chemical process). For this, you should have a place in which you can grow mushrooms easily. Mushroom trade has started happening in two ways in our country. If you want, you can start a business by forming a company. Second way- If you have a farm, that means you are a farmer, then you can do it easily, just cover that land like a closed room with the help of wood. Then this business can prove to be a new boon for you.
How can we do small and large-scale mushroom cultivation?
If you want to keep it limited to making it a source of additional income, then start it on a small scale. Due to this, there will be no effect on the work of your main business. As mushroom is grown, it is clear that the scale of your business directly depends on the land. The process of growing other mushrooms is the same, whether done on a small scale or on a large scale.
What is the amount spent in the mushroom business?
The amount to be invested in this varies according to your capability and level of business. In this business, you will have to invest money only in making its care and growing place. Apart from this, there will also be an expense for using insecticides. If you start a small business, then you can earn by investing 10000 rupees to 50000 rupees. On the other hand, it would be appropriate to invest Rs 1 lakh to Rs 10 lakh for big business.
What is the profit margin of mushroom cultivation?
Talking about profit in business, there is an increase of 12.9 percent every year in this business whole world. It means you can get a good position in this business in less time. You can make a profit of about 1 lakh to 5 lakh rupees if you start the mushroom business in hundred sqm, that too every year. However, it will depend on the technology increasing your production capacity.
What is the raw material or material required for mushroom cultivation?
Talking about India, it is grown in wintertime. Because the temperature should be low during its cultivation, along with this you need wheat and paddy straw to grow mushrooms. To protect it, you have to buy insecticides and also its seeds. Mushroom cultivation can also be done in the room. Just you have to keep in mind that it is grown in moisture only. Apart from this, you can also buy many organic-inorganic compounds, nitrogen nutrients; by using this you get a significant increase in production efficiency.
How is mushroom cultivation done on a large scale?
For mushroom cultivation on a large scale, you have to increase the number of seeds along with the large space. Meaning the difference is only in the location, cost, and purchase of raw materials. The process of growing mushrooms is the same for everyone.
What is the process of cultivating mushrooms?
- Mushroom farming at home:
You need room to cultivate it, but if you want, you can also start growing mushrooms under it by making a net of wood. All the rest of the steps are the same for all levels of business, which are being explained well below.
How to make mushroom compost at home?
First Step- Making compost manure with the help of paddy and wheat straw
Manure is required for mushroom cultivation, for which you can use wheat or paddy straw. For this, you have to make the straw germ-free. So that the germs and impurities present in it are removed. This is done so that there is no obstacle in the growth of mushroom crop and there is no obstruction in the growth of its plant and its properties. You have to mix 1.5 kg formalin and 150 grams baby stein ??in about 1500 liters of water. In this, both chemicals and pesticides have to be mixed together. After this, 1 quintal, 50 kg of wheat straw has to be mixed in this water and mixed well. After that, it has to be kept covered for some time. Due to which this manure or straw will become ready for you to grow mushrooms.
Phase 2 -Mushroom Plantation
After the first step, spread this straw well outside in the air, this is done so that its moisture can be worked up to 50 percent by bringing it in contact with the air. After this, you have to turn the straw again and again. After which it becomes ready for sowing. Taking a polythene bag of 16 by 18, sow it in layers according to the layers, like the first straw makes seeds on it and make 3-4 layers in the same way. Keep in mind that at the bottom of this bag, make a hole at both the corners, so that the remaining water can drain out, not only this, tie this foil bag tightly. So that, there is no room for air anywhere in it. The proportion of its seed or straw must be equal in each layer. Although it is done in Milky Mushroom only. Whereas the technology of mixing is used in Oyster mushrooms. Meaning, without layers, the seeds and straw of the mushroom are mixed. After the sowing process is over, some small holes are made in this packet. So that the mushroom plants can come out.
Mushroom cultivation precautions:
Air and Fan maintenance
For about 15 days, this crop has to be protected from wind, for which you should completely close the room. Then after 15 days leave this room open or even arrange for a fan. Even you can see the mushroom crop in white color.
How to maintain humidity in mushroom cultivation?
Humidity and temperature control
To control the humidity, you have to sprinkle water on the walls sometimes, keep in mind that the humidity should be around 70 degrees, after that it is very important for you to pay attention to the room temperature as well. A temperature of about 20 to 30 degrees is suitable for the mushroom crop to grow well.
Methods of storing mushroom bags:
To cultivate mushrooms in your room, you have to keep the bag containing the mushrooms in a different way. Either you hang it by tying it with the help of some wood and rope or in a way, prepare a bed-like network from wood or any metal on which packets of mushrooms can be easily placed.
When and how to harvest?
According to experts, its crop is ready for harvesting within a maximum of 30 to 40 days. After that, you start seeing its fruit, which you can easily break by hand.
Government subsidies for mushroom cultivation:
At present, training is being given to grow mushrooms in Haryana. Not only this, schemes for giving loans have also been made by the government for mushroom cultivation. You can get more information about this scheme through the https://www.nabard.org website. You have to make a business proposal and go to the government office. You will have to provide a PAN card, Aadhar card, domicile certificate, and bank account information there. By doing this you will be given a subsidy by the government. If you are a small farmer, then up to 40 percent subsidy will be given on each mushroom fruit bag and up to 20 percent for the common person. If you do not want a subsidy in this business, then you do not need to register or register for it.
Mushroom farming government training:
Small farmers are being helped by giving them subsidies in this business. Apart from the subsidy, the facility of free training is also being provided by the government. For which the government has opened many training centers in which you will be taught about all the techniques of growing mushrooms.
What kind of registrations are required to start the mushroom farming business?
You will need to take registrations as per their requirements such as:
- You will need a Farm producer company registration to start the mushroom farming business.
- On the basis of your business level you will also need a company registration in India and,
- As per your business turnover you will need to take an online GST Registration.